Some people aware that it is difficult to cure metastatic cancer, and they considered the goal of treatment of their disease is to relieve pain, improve quality of life, cope with the side effects from the cancer or from the treatment and prolong life as long as possible.
1. Metastatic cancer is what?
Metastasis is a term often used in medicine to talk about the movement of cancer cells to other parts, other areas in the body. In general, the metastatic cancer has characteristics and properties nearly identical with cancer of the highlands development (the cancer has not metastasized, still located in the original position); however, the level of dispersal and dangerous of them a lot bigger.
Metastatic cancer has the same original name with cancer primitive. A specific example is that when cancer of the liver, the cancer cells spread and grow to the lungs will be called metastatic liver cancer or metastatic liver cancer to lung, not called lung cancer.
2. Metastatic cancer develop how?
Metastases develop when cancer cells detach from the primary tumour and invade the blood system, the lymphatic system or the surrounding tissues. These systems carry fluid around the body. Cancer cells can move away from the original tumor and form new tumors as they settled and developed in a other parts of the body. Right after a few years of existence and development, the new disease discovered she had metastatic cancer.
Most cancer cells are potentially metastatic. When the cancer cells migrate to the peritoneum or pleura may cause dangerous symptoms, such as effusion of the lungs, shortness of breath or bleeding respiratory. A number of positions metastasis include:
- Breast cancer tends to spread to bones, liver, lungs, chest wall and brain
- Lung cancer tends to spread to brain, bone, liver and adrenal glands
- Prostate cancer tends to spread to bones
- Cancer of the colon and rectum tend to spread to liver and lungs
3. A number of symptoms of metastatic cancer
In general, metastatic cancer often do not manifest clear symptoms in a distinct manner. The symptoms that occur when cancer metastases may depend on the location and size of the tumor that in the body. Here is synthesize a number of signs and common symptoms of patients with metastatic cancer:
- Metastases in the bones: causing pain or fracture
- Metastases in the brain: causes headaches, dizziness or seizures
- Metastases in the liver: causes jaundice, swelling in abdomen
- Metastases in the lungs: difficulty breathing or coughing up blood.
Perhaps pain is the first sign of cancer, but there are many patients without any symptoms of the condition metastasis. Because when a body is metastatic, they will start to shrink until the lymph nodes burst out or spread through the stool li.
4. Metastatic cancer is what stage?
Can say, determining the stage of cancer is of paramount importance, it expresses the evaluation of the process spread of the disease. Therefore, it is considered help physicians rely on it to given treatments suitable for patients as well as predict prognosis of the coming of the disease.
A system used to divide the stage of cancer is called the TNM system:
- T (Tumour)- primary tumor: to indicate the size of the tumor and the distance it has spread into nearby tissue. T are numbered from 1 to 4, the index the greater the tumor size as big.
- N ( Node)- lymph nodes: determine the cancer has spread to the lymph nodes in the surrounding or not and how far. N are numbered from 0-3, N0 i.e., has not spread to lymph nodes does N3 mean there were so many lymph nodes contain cancer cells.
- M (Metastasis)- metastasis: assessment of disease cancer has spread to other parts of the body or not. M0 is cancer metastasis; M1 is the cancer has metastasized.
Based on the combination of indicators from the TNM system, a doctor will rule out each particular stage of the disease:
- Stage I: is stage of metastasis, only the cancer is relatively small and only in the organ where it started.
- Stage II: the tumor was larger but has not begun to spread into the surrounding tissue.
- Stage III: cancer bigger and began to spread into the surrounding tissue, the cancer cells already in the lymph nodes nearby.
- Stage IV: cancer has metastasized to other organs in the body.
5. Metastatic cancer is treated how?
Treatment of metastatic cancer depends on the type of cancer, the treatment options available and desired. It also depends on age, general health, what treatment you had done before and a few other factors. Treatments for metastatic cancer include surgery, chemotherapy, hormone therapy, therapy for services, and radiation therapy.
6. Target cancer treatment what is metastatic?
For many people with cancer, the goal of treatment is trying to cure cancer, i.e. they want to get rid of cancer and wish cancer never come back again. However, to cure the metastatic cancer is a very difficult thing. Because when cancer cells metastasis has developed powerful in the body will be very difficult to control and mitigate the spread of them. Treatment of metastatic cancer depends on health status as well as disease status (type of cancer highlands development) of the disease.
When is suffering from metastatic cancer, should be identified that will have to live with it long term. Doctors often treat it as a chronic disease, like a number of other chronic diseases such as diabetes, congestive heart failure or multiple sclerosis. It is important to follow your treatment plan to control metastatic cancer in the best way possible.
Article reference source: Cancer.net