Weight gain during pregnancy is strongly related to the health and weight of babies born. Nutrition, exercise, scientific rest of the mother will help her love to develop optimally.
The weight gain in pregnancy of women includes the following factors:
During the baby's period in the fetus, his nutrition depends mainly on the mother's nutrition. The mother's nutrition source will follow her mother's blood through the placenta, to provide for her child. Adequate nutrition helps mothers get good resistance, avoid disease, have enough strength to survive, quickly recover health after birth, and have enough breast milk.
Moreover, mothers who have good nutrition from before and during pregnancy help their babies not get malnourished, prevent pregnancy failure and other conditions such as mental retardation, movement.
The average energy demand of women is 2,200 Kcal / day. For pregnant women in the middle three months, an average need of an additional energy requirement of 360 Kcal / day is needed, in the last three months, an additional 475 Kcal / day is needed. Adequate supply of energy needs during pregnancy to ensure weight gain for the mother.
In addition, weight gain should be maintained at 0.4kg / week during the second and third trimesters of pregnancy for women with normal weight before pregnancy. For women who were previously low in weight, the rate of weight gain during pregnancy should be kept at 0.5kg / week, while for overweight women this figure should only be 0.3kg / week.
For fat content, both saturated and unsaturated fatty acids should be used. Saturated fatty acids can be supplemented through coconut oil, palm oil, animal fat, etc. but should not exceed 10% of the energy of the diet. Enhance the use of vegetable oils (such as soy oil, peanut oil, sesame oil, fish fat) to provide a lot of unsaturated fatty acids that benefit the body.
The need for vitamin and mineral supplements increases for pregnant women:
Women should not diet when pregnant. Meals need to provide a variety of nutrients, each day should use at least 15 different types of food to be able to provide adequate nutrients, ensuring the need to gain weight during pregnancy . Pregnant women should eat a lot of fruits and vegetables, because in addition to vitamins and minerals, vegetables also provide fiber, which helps prevent constipation.
Besides, do not use stimulants such as alcohol, coffee, tobacco. Limit the use of spices like chili, pepper, garlic, vinegar. Food processing needs to select fresh, clean materials with high nutritional value, ensuring hygiene and food safety. If the mother suffers from morning sickness, divide it into several meals and spread evenly throughout the day.
In order for the mother to gain weight when pregnant in a scientific way, besides nutrition, supplementing enough essential nutrients for both mother and fetus, pregnant women must also exercise regularly, practice appropriate subjects with health like walking, yoga. This will help with future childbirth, as well as maintaining weight during pregnancy . In the case of pregnant women gaining weight too little or too much, should consult the professional opinion of the doctor for advice and timely adjustment.
Pregnancy is the pathology of abnormally developed spines. After treatment interventions, patients must avoid pregnancy and long-term follow-up to ensure no malignant transformation. Therefore, it is a question of women who desire to be a mother every day to be pregnant.
Pregnancy is a pregnancy that still has fertility but is abnormal in the development of spines. At this time, the cultured protozoan is so fast that it interconnects inside the spine together with the uncontrolled blood vessels, degrades, enlarges and becomes water-covered, clumped, filling the heart. supply and overwhelm the whole fetus.
The cause of fetal egg formation so far is unknown. The assumptions have been made that due to lack of nutrition mainly nitrogen deficiency, childbirth at a young age or too old, giving birth to many or abnormal chromosomes in cells cultured in the egg of the fetus and immune disorders.
Most cases of egg pregnancy are benign. However, 15% of all ovarian pregnancies and 3% of part-time pregnancies are at risk of progressing to neoplastic cancer. On the other hand, if not diagnosed early and treated early, the fetal egg causes vaginal bleeding to leak or spontaneously collapse, the uterine wall due to invasive egg pregnancy should be difficult to recover, the risk of high blood pressure, the amount of blood loss is very much and the patient easily falls into shock, blood loss and life-threatening shock.
Women often come to the clinic because of vaginal bleeding. Blood in black or red, irregular flow lasts long, small, persistent. In addition, pregnant women may have more severe morning sickness than usual, have more vomiting than previous pregnancies and last longer even through mid-trimester.
The visit did not hear the fetal heart. The uterine density is soft, not palpable or very difficult to touch parts of the fetus due to compression. The uterus is larger than the gestational age due to overgrowth of the cultured cells, except for the fetus that is degraded, the uterus is smaller than the gestational age. In addition, pregnant women may suffer from edema, high blood pressure, cloudy urine due to loss of protein through the urine. Fast heartbeat, warm hand skin, shaking hands, large thyroid gland and sometimes signs of jaundice, yellow urine ...
Tests showed that ßhCG concentration increased very high, higher than gestational age and increased rapidly. When the ultrasound does not hear the fetal heart, no embryonic images are seen but only spotting is like a picture of snowfall, a bunch of grapes.
The decision to terminate a pregnancy should be made immediately after the diagnosis is confirmed to be an egg pregnancy.
The fetal mass can be removed from the uterus with minimal interventions on the uterus by using a cervical dilator with a suction device to suck the eggs. After that, to make sure no eggs are missing, the doctor will use a heart-shaped, big spoon and blunt spoon. After the procedure, the patient is always prescribed antibiotics to prevent infection.
In cases of ovarian invasion of the uterus, complicated spread or the risk of complications into high-grade neoplasm, the need to specify a prophylactic hysterectomy. For malignant ovarian pregnancies, additional anti-cancer chemotherapy must be followed.
Only cases of young patients who have not had children can consider the issue of egg scavenging for the metastatic, adjuvant attached to retain the uterus. However, after that, the patient needs to be closely monitored, if the conservative treatment is found to be ineffective, the uterus must be removed.
The tissue samples after abortion were sent to pathological anatomical tests to determine the benign or malignant fetal pregnancy.
Usually after 3 to 4 weeks of egg abortion, uterine structure and physiology will return to normal. If the uterus is still large, the vagina is bleeding, the risk of fetal egg complications has been turned into a cancer of the protozoan.
At the same time, hCG levels will also be quantified once a week from curettage until hCG is negative. At this point, the quantitative hCG time will gradually expand if the previous results are negative. Conversely, if hCG levels do not decrease or remain abnormally high, consider the possibility of malignancy.
The good thing about this disease is that the fetus does not affect fertility even after the patient has undergone chemotherapy. Specifically, ovarian pregnancy does not increase the risk of stillbirth, congenital malformations, premature birth and other complications. And the recurrence rate of pregnancy incurred is only 1-2%.
In order to do so, women who want to get the best pregnancy need to delay at least after two years. This is the least time needed to monitor and predict the risk of malignancy. In case of pregnancy before this time, beta levels of hCG will increase again. Accordingly, the doctor will not be able to know whether it is a normal pregnancy or the development of evil chemistry of an egg pregnancy.
To increase contraceptive compliance, doctors need to explain to patients that early pregnancy will increase the risk of recurrence of fetal eggs as well as progression to very advanced fibroblasts. Accordingly, there are cases of reincarnation, miscarriage or miscarriage, making women once more sad and affected by health.
At the same time, patients should also be instructed to prevent pregnancy by methods that do not interfere with the uterus such as using a condom in combination with a day of ovulation or vaginal discharge. Absolutely do not use oral contraceptives or intrauterine devices to facilitate the monitoring after egg abortion.
After the prescribed follow-up period, before pregnancy again, the woman must have a general examination as well as specialized obstetrics and gynecology, some tests must be done, in which the level of hCG in the country must be checked. cottage. Only when the hCG is negative, the decision to become pregnant is somewhat safe.
When you know you are pregnant again, you should have an examination and ultrasound, blood tests more often than a normal pregnancy in the first three months to ensure that nothing is abnormal. Because there is no way to prevent an egg pregnancy in the next pregnancy, the advice is that when you see something unusual, you need to see a doctor right away. As in the case of an earlier pregnancy, especially before 12 months, pregnant women must be examined and monitored very carefully to assess the progress of the disease and immediately intervene if needed.
In summary, egg pregnancy is not common, but it is a serious contagion if not detected early and properly intervened. At the same time, it is also necessary to follow up after egg pregnancy and contraception according to regulations to ensure reproductive health for the next time as well as for yourself.
Food poisoning often manifests itself as symptoms such as vomiting, diarrhea, severe abdominal pain, muscle pain, cyanosis, dyspnea, apnea, convulsions, vascular collapse, unconsciousness.
When falling into the following situations, you can think about the risk of food poisoning :
The specific symptoms of food poisoning depend on each cause:
Food poisoning is dangerous if the patient has severe gastrointestinal signs or dehydration, infection, or additional symptoms:
Typically, acute symptoms of food poisoning will appear only a few minutes, a few hours or within 1-2 days after food poisoning. Food poisoning in severe forms that can lead to death, mild also causes fatigue, physical and mental exhaustion for people with the disease. Therefore, self-protection is the first necessary measure to think about, in which the provision of some important knowledge about first aid steps when food poisoning is essential.
When you see yourself or your relatives, people around you are having symptoms of food poisoning as above, it is necessary to calmly perform the following first aid steps:
Other actions should be taken when detecting and providing first aid for food poisoning :
HP bacteria (Helicobacter pylori) is a type of gastrointestinal bacteria that develops primarily in the stomach of humans. HP bacteria can cause chronic chronic stomach pain, ulcers, or even stomach cancer.
HP bacterium is a gram negative bacteriophage, There are 3-5 fry.