Because the body is still weak, children are very susceptible to some respiratory-related diseases, but many mothers still do not distinguish some common respiratory diseases in children such as pneumonia, common cough and Whooping cough. This has major consequences in the hospital for treating children.
Here are characteristics to help parents can distinguish pneumonia, common cough with whooping cough in children:
In children with pneumonia, there are often the following symptoms:
Coughs often have mucus, in addition to runny nose, sore throat, watery eyes, and loss of appetite. Just the common cold, which can last 1-2 weeks, the heaviest (and most contagious) is the first few days. Children often suffer from an average of 6-10 times a year. Because colds are caused by viruses, antibiotics won't work.
If your baby is too young to blow his nose, he or she should use a specialized nasal saline and nasal suction tube to help remove mucus, help the baby to relieve the itching of the nose, throat irritation and cough. Humidifiers and humidifiers are also useful at this time.
In addition, you must ask your doctor before giving your child any prescription-free medication, and do not forget to ask if your baby's age can be coughed up.
Whooping cough is an acute respiratory infection, usually in young children. Whooping cough is highly contagious, causing almost 100% disease in sensitive individuals with contact droplets containing bacteria. This is a disease that belongs to the national vaccination program when the baby is 2-3-4 months old and repeated at 18 months.
Whooping cough bacteria attack the respiratory tract mucosa, causing severe inflammation, narrowing the airways. Children who are not fully vaccinated are at high risk of whooping cough.
However, babies are the highest risk. Children under 6 months old are not strong enough, so whooping cough is not very clear, so it is difficult for parents to detect. Instead, when a whooping cough can last to the peak, the baby will vomit, temporarily stop breathing, and the lips may turn purple because the baby does not receive enough oxygen.
Disease whooping cough will happen in three main phases
At an early stage, the patient coughs for 1-2 weeks with symptoms of an unclear upper respiratory tract infection such as a runny nose, a mild cough (mostly coughing at night). At this stage, to diagnose different pertussis is difficult due to symptoms of pertussis similar to flu manifestations, common respiratory infections.
At the full-time stage (from the next 1-2 weeks), the patient begins to cough more, coughing every long, choking episodes. After a child coughing often flushes or cyanosis both due to a cough that does not have enough oxygen to breathe, gradually causes respiratory failure. It is also the fierce coughs that make children tired, exhausted, and anorexic, leading to malnutrition.
The third stage of pertussis is the recovery period, the child's coughs are shorter, the number of coughs decreases.
For children under 6 months old, parents need to take the baby to the hospital for inpatient treatment and follow-up at a special emergency room. For older children and uncomplicated whooping cough, they will be treated with specific antibiotics for 10-14 days as directed by the doctor.
Parents absolutely do not arbitrarily use antihistamines, expectorants, cough suppressants, tranquilizers, ... to treat pertussis for children because they are both ineffective and easily cause side effects.
Families with infants with pertussis can be treated with Erythromycin 30 - 50mg / kg / day, 4 times or Cotrimoxazol 30 - 50mg / kg / day; taken with Salbutamol 0.2mg / kg / day; Prednisolon 1 - 2mg / kg / day. Note that do not give Cotrimoxazol to babies.
In addition to using drugs, parents also need to pay attention to the process of caring for babies with pertussis by:
Disease pertussis likely spread very high, should be isolated, to avoid contact with young people. Adults who take care of children with pertussis need to use antibiotics to prevent infection and avoid the risk of disease and spread.
Pre-menopause is the time when the hormones in the body begin to decline, affecting the health and physiology of women. So the determination of premenopausal age in women usually starts from how much and how premenopausal is early will help women to recognize this stage early to improve in time.
Pre-menopause is a pre-menopausal period in women, when the female hormone estrogen is greatly reduced causing the first symptoms of perimenopause disorder.
Postmenopausal is the period before a woman's menopause. In women postmenopausal there will be changes in the levels of estrogen and progesterone - two female hormones that are produced in the ovaries. But at this stage, ovarian activity begins to decline and there is an imbalance in the female hormones, causing the menstruation to be irregular and lasting for days.
Hormonal changes can lead to symptoms such as hot flashes, vasomotor disorders ... that can last for months or years after the woman has no periods. During this time, the woman's menstrual cycle may be disordered - losing her period of time and then having it again.
If you have no menstrual period for more than 12 months (except for postpartum cases), you are most likely in menopause. Most women go through the period before menopause is called pre-menopausal age , there are many changes in both reproductive and psychological functions, causing many troubles for women as well as families. .
Pre-menopause is a natural rule that is hard to avoid. Along with the decline of female hormones, the amount of free radicals is also born at a faster rate, causing the phenomenon of overall aging in women. At that time, women will face degradation in beauty, physiological and health.
Typically, the start of perimenopause in each woman is different because each person is physically different. However, according to statistics, most women face premenopausal age at age 40-47.
The premenopausal stage is short or prolonged depending on the endocrine in each body, some people only suffer from this period of 2-3 years but there are also people who have to struggle for 7-8 years.
The pre-menopausal marker is terminated when a woman enters menopause - determined after 12 consecutive months without menstruation. Even so, there are many cases of unpleasant symptoms from premenopausal and health problems that can continue to progress during menopause.
However, not everyone has premenopausal age . There are early menopause, late menopause and also premenopausal people of normal age.
The normal age of premenopausal age and is called menopause at the right age is around 50 years of age, pre-menopause occurs before 2-5 years. Ie pre-menopause occurs at age 40 - 47 years old. Still premenopausal early as pre-menopausal condition occurs before the age of 40. If at this age that the woman does not have menstrual cycles, then this time is called perimenopause early. Late menopause is premenopausal that occurs after age 60.
Private comment about money early menopause also saw the premature aging or premature ending cycle of women. Early menopause is a sign of premature genitalia and early sexual endocrine organs. Because premenopausal failure occurs when there is a decline in female sex hormones.
The low level of two female sex hormones estrogen and progesterone have changed the body. This suggests that the internal body has unusual changes, especially on reproductive organs. These unusual changes are not beneficial for the body. This means that premenopausal premature can cause certain health effects.
The signs of premenopausal are similar to the signs of a normal premenopausal period, only it occurs earlier, before 40 years of age.
Who premenopausal soon also face other hazards. The most important system is that the risk of cardiovascular disease is much greater than that of people with normal menopause. Not only that, they are also more susceptible to disease and more likely to die. They will also be at increased risk and level of osteoporosis caused by premature menopause.
They will be osteoporosis sooner, heavier and more prone to fractures than regular women. Dental diseases are also more common and cataracts can be very severe in some people.
Women can easily identify whether the perimenopause has "knocked on the door" or not based on the following signs: