Monthly Archives: Tháng Mười 2015

When Does Morning Sickness Start And End?

Morning sickness is a collection of extremely uncomfortable symptoms due to physiological hormonal changes during pregnancy. Severe morning sickness can adversely affect pregnant health.

1. What is pregnancy sickness?

Morning sickness is a combination of unpleasant symptoms that occur early in pregnancy. Among them, the most prominent are symptoms of nausea and vomiting. Up to 50% to 90% of pregnant women suffer from nausea and vomiting every day when they experience morning sickness. However, only 1% of them are actually considered severe morning sickness and need medical help.

The cause of morning sickness so far has not seen any clear mechanism. Some hypotheses are due to physiological hormonal changes during pregnancy. In particular, when elevated levels of progesterone relax the muscles of the digestive system, leading to food in the stomach being pushed up to the esophagus to create nausea.

It also slows digestion of food in the stomach, causing indigestion. In addition, some women have inherently sensitive nervous systems that have very strong reflexes to changes in the body, especially during pregnancy.

2. When do I start morning sickness?

The timing of the first morning sickness difference varies from one woman to another. However, most women begin to feel uncomfortable due to pregnancy beginning about halfway in the first three months, between the sixth and eighth week of gestation.

In other words, the pregnant mother has absolutely no symptoms at all before the sixth week. And this also means that the first episode of sudden vomiting at the time of waking up after the late days is a signal that you are pregnant.

3. At what stage is morning sickness most severe?

Pregnancy morning sickness is also called "Morning sickness" because of the often severe symptoms at the time of waking up. However, most pregnant women can be affected at any time of the day, especially when there is an odor stimulation, food taste or sound, light, crowded places.

Not only that, the pregnant mother also suffers from a feeling of loss of appetite, often feeling tired, lack of energy, unable to focus on anything other than feeling of nausea, headache, dizziness, and sleep disturbance. sleep ...

The peak of these disorders also varies among pregnant women but is largely concentrated around the ninth week of pregnancy. Some of the assumptions set out to explain this problem are because this is the milestone for the complete formation of fetal organs.

Under the mobilization of a large amount of materials, catalysts, metabolic reactions and growth hormone levels, "biochemical bursts" cause the mother's body to lose its balance and function of the organ systems. The word has also been disturbed.

In addition, it is clear that morning sickness is not a good or bad "sign" of pregnancy and does not reflect on the development of the baby nor help assess the condition. Mother's health for pregnancy.

However, if the woman is dehydrated, severe electrolyte disturbance due to vomiting, severe weight loss is alarming and should be hospitalized for timely intervention. In cases of morning sickness affecting the life of pregnant women, the designation of a pregnancy suspension may be set.

4. When does morning sickness end?

After hard-working days, most women will feel relieved in the 16th week. Only a small number (about 10%) also have nausea and vomiting that lasts throughout pregnancy until birth.

Therefore, if you still have morning sickness through this time, whether heavy or light, do not endure because it will affect your health not only your own but also the development of your baby. . Thai is susceptible to school failure due to not receiving enough energy from her mother, slowing her physical development - mental later. Instead, tell your obstetrician to get medical assistance.

In addition to some drugs prescribed by doctors, pregnant women should use herbs or flavors to help the body feel more comfortable, such as lemongrass, ginger candies, ginger tea or supplements of vitamins and minerals. substance, drink enough water.

Besides, a complete resting regime, absolutely avoiding stress, worrying or not having to be busy with labor, thinking will help pregnant women relax and ease the uncomfortable feeling of morning sickness. In addition, a number of external physical therapies such as acupuncture, reflexology, hypnosis, massage, continuous muscle relaxation ... are also gradually proving effective in treating morning sickness.

In summary, the phenomenon of morning sickness is quite common among pregnant women, occurring in the first three months with a score of nine weeks. The basic knowledge of this issue will partly help mothers to have a "coping" way, surpassing the days of "carrying heavily, giving birth" in the most gentle way to welcome their newborn.


Clinical Expression Of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

Polycystic ovary is an endocrine disorder and is one of the main causes of infertility in women because the egg does not fall or the ovulation is disturbed.

The signs of polycystic ovary are often unclear, thus making it easier for patients to ignore. The following article outlines some of the manifestations that may help women to recognize ovarian cystic disease.

1. Menstrual disorders

Symptoms of menstrual disorders are menstrual, irregular menstruation, or amenorrhea when women have multiple cysts. To diagnose polycystic ovaries , menstrual disorders are considered one of the main criteria. Approximately 90% of women with menopause have polycystic ovaries on ultrasound.

For women after puberty, usually the menstrual cycle will go into stability. However, when the menstrual cycle often changes abnormally, short for less than 25 days or longer than 35 days, especially when the menstrual cycle is long and bleeding is low, it is possible to have polycystic ovary disease .

Because women with multiple cysts in the ovary have abnormally high levels of male hormones, it leads to menstrual disorders, thereby causing abnormalities in the ovulation cycle, leading to difficulty in conception or infertility.

2. Many hairs, acne

Accumulation of many male hormones in the body stimulates hair growth, causing hairy hair in some locations such as mustache, chest, abdomen, arms, legs ...

Besides, the hormonal changes in the body will lead to some changes in the skin. One of these changes may be that the skin becomes more oily and acne prone.

3. Overweight, obesity

Women with polycystic ovary disease will have excess hormone insulin compared to their body needs, so the problem of digestion and food metabolism is disordered, leading to a higher risk of obesity despite The amount of food intake is not much.

Statistics show that the proportion of polycystic ovarian women obese is 30-50%. If based on BMI or waist / hip ratio to determine obesity, women with overweight and obesity have BMI> 25. Some studies show that obesity is also one of the factors that increases the risk of polycystic ovary disease. Therefore, it can be said that weight plays a very important role in promoting the symptoms of polycystic ovary. Therefore, to improve disease need to control weight.

4. mood swings

Endocrine disorders greatly affect the mood. Mood swings are also a sign that women may have polycystic ovary disease.

Many people worry about ovarian ovaries with ovulation ? In women with polycystic ovaries, there is an abnormal increase in testosterone and LH levels, disrupting the follicular development. The undeveloped follicle follicle leads to small follicles, eggs cannot mature and there is no ovulation, which can lead to serious consequences of infertility.

The exact cause of ovarian cysts is still unknown. When the abnormal signs of polycystic ovary are noticed , women should actively visit the doctor to be diagnosed and treated promptly.