Archive

Monthly Archives: Tháng Chín 2015

How Can You Prevent Ovarian Cysts?

Ovarian cysts are a common disease in women of childbearing age. Ovarian cysts have some completely non-dangerous forms and the tumor gradually disappears.

1. Types of ovarian cysts

  • Functional cysts: normal, not related to disease.
  • Cystic cysts.
  • Endometrial cyst.
  • U cysts online.

2. Causes of ovarian cysts

There are many causes of ovarian cysts, the common causes are:

  • Due to miscarriage: Women who have had miscarriages are prone to ovarian cysts.
  • Due to menstruation earlier than usual: this is also the premise leading to ovarian cysts to develop.
  • Because hormones are destroyed.
  • Due to impaired thyroid function.
  • It may be due to the destruction of mature follicles.
  • Due to endometriosis: women with endometriosis may have ovarian cysts.
  • Pregnancy: Some ovarian cysts may appear naturally in the early stages of pregnancy to support the fetus until the placenta is formed. But sometimes cysts appear until the end of pregnancy.
  • Due to pelvic infection: The pelvic infection can spread to the ovaries and ovaries, causing abscesses.

3. Signs of ovarian cysts

Ovarian cysts are often silently evolving, with no symptoms. Therefore, most patients detect the disease when going to a regular gynecological examination, or when taking a picture test for other reasons.

When the tumor is large, the patient may experience some of the following symptoms:

  • Abdominal pain appears: the patient feels dull ache in the lower abdomen or pain in special working postures. These pain are easy to confuse patients with other gynecological diseases such as adnexitis, uterine fibroids, ...
  • Patients may have abnormal periods.
  • When a large tumor, squeezing into nearby organs causing difficulty urinating or constipation, ...
  • In the case of large tumors, large abdominal distention, accompanied by weight loss, fatigue, anorexia are signs suggesting melanoma, need to go to the doctor immediately.
  • Ovarian cysts can cause twisted or ruptured complications that cause sudden pain, possibly accompanied by a feeling of nausea, vomiting and internal bleeding.

To confirm the diagnosis of ovarian cysts, it is necessary to do some additional tests such as:

  • Ultrasound: this is a non-invasive, low-cost imaging method that can indicate the position, shape, size, and internal fluid nature of ovarian cysts. This is the standard for diagnosing ovarian cysts.
  • In addition, the doctor may look for humped "imprints" to get a hint of tumor malignancy.
  • In case of necessity, the patient may be given magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computerized tomography (CT scan).

4. How to treat ovarian cysts?

First need to monitor ovarian cysts:

  • Monitor ovarian cysts by ultrasound after menstruation is completed to see if the tumor changes size or properties. This should be repeated regularly, as directed by a specialist.
  • For cystic ovarian cysts often disappear after 1-2 menstrual cycles without treatment.

So when do ovarian cysts need surgery? Ovarian cysts need surgery when:

  • Tumors are fast.
  • Suspected cancer.
  • Tumors last long.
  • When symptoms are squeezed into neighboring organs.

Depending on the situation of each specific patient, the doctor will advise the patient to choose the appropriate surgical method: laparoscopic surgery or open surgery, tumor removal or cutting of the appendage or the uterus, .. .

There are many causes of ovarian cysts, along with tumors that often happen silently and have no symptoms until they are large enough to affect other organs. Therefore, women need to go for periodical gynecological examination to be able to detect and timely treat ovarian cysts or other gynecological diseases if any.

SEE MORE:

What Happens If You Don’t Treat A sinus Infection?

Acute sinusitis is an inflammation of the paranasal sinuses in a short period of time with frantic symptoms such as mild fever, runny nose, nasal congestion, pain in the face area, etc., making the patient extremely tired.

1. What is acute sinusitis?

  • Acute sinusitis is an inflammation of the paranasal sinuses.
  • The disease manifests itself for no longer than 8 weeks.
  • If left untreated, sinusitis can recur repeatedly and cause chronic sinusitis .

2. What causes sinusitis?

  • Anatomical anomalies such as crooked septal defect, slightly swollen ball, overheating clogs, overexposure, overgrowth, tumors that surround the nasopharynx …
  • Sinusitis caused by teeth.
  • Long-term rhinitis is infected
  • Long-term allergic rhinitis .
  • Systemic disease: Immunodeficiency, cystic fibrosis.

3. What are the main manifestations of acute sinusitis?

  • Mild, tired fever.
  • Pain in the face area corresponds to sinus areas such as the forehead area, around the eye socket, the crater ..
  • Nasal discharge: At first the mucus is thickened, yellow or green.
  • Nasal obstruction: One side or both sides.
  • Poor smelling, it may lose smell.
  • Tinnitus.
  • Special attention is given to acute sinusitis in children with unclear symptoms and rapid and dangerous progression that can cause ocular manifestations such as: swelling of the eyelid …

4. How is care when sick?

  • Absolutely adhere to the principle of treatment:
    • Taking medication according to prescription: At the right dose, on time, should not arbitrarily change drugs, stop smoking.
    • Check back on time.
  • Wash your nose according to the instructions:
    • Wash the nose at least 2-3 times / day.
    • Use warm physiological saline or nasal hygiene solution as recommended by the manufacturer
    • If you have a lot of stuffy nose, use vasoconstrictor before washing your nose.
    • Clean and dry the nasal wash device.
  • Clean the mouth and throat daily.
  • No snort.
  • To keep someone’s body warm.
  • Use air humidifier.
  • Clean hands often.
  • Enhance nutrition, drink lots of fruit juice to supplement vitamins to increase resistance. Do not eat hot, cold spicy food.
  • Reasonable rest regime: Do not work too hard, avoid stress …. Limit heavy labor, physical exertion.
  • Avoid smoking and exposure to environmental pollution, dust …

5. What are the complications of acute sinusitis if left untreated?

  • Middle and chronic ear infections.
  • Respiratory complications: Strep throat, laryngitis, chronic bronchitis
  • Eyes: Pharyngitis, ocular abscess, post-eyeball neuropathy …
  • Intracranial: Meningitis , brain abscess, cavity sinusitis
  • In addition, there are some other complications such as depression, depression …

6. How to prevent acute sinusitis?

  • Good treatment of nasopharyngitis infections such as rhinitis, inflammation of the VA, tonsils, …
  • Oral hygiene, treatment of dental diseases …
  • Avoid stimulating factors such as cigarettes, smoke, dust … should wear a mask when going out.
  • Daily cleaning of the nose and throat.
  • Keep your body warm when it’s cold
  • Avoid stress.

7. When to see a doctor right away?

When symptoms increase or there are any abnormal symptoms:

  • Swollen, painful face area.
  • Tinnitus a lot, earache.
  • Smell.
  • High fever continuously
  • Blurred vision, double look …

SEE MORE: